Views: 2 Author: doris zhang Publish Time: 2022-05-09 Origin: Site
In recent years, with the rapid development of cross-border e-commerce, more and more imported stationery appear in our shopping cart. There will be differences in the quality, safety, hygiene, environmental protection, labeling and other standards or technical specifications of stationery in various countries, which may lead to relevant commodities meeting the requirements of relevant standards or technical specifications of origin, but may not meet the standards of China. The risks here need to be borne by consumers themselves. This paper compares some differences between Chinese and foreign stationery standards.
Among the imported stationery, Japanese stationery has captured the control of stationery with its exquisite appearance. Its humanized design and continuous innovation give consumers a better experience.
Let's compare the difference between the Japanese stationery Standard JIS 6050:2002 plastic eraser and China's industry standard QB / T 2309-2020 eraser implemented this year. The Japanese standard lacks restrictions on phthalates. In order to make the product softer, plastic rubber will add plasticizer to the product, and phthalate is a common plasticizer in plastic products. Phthalates have mutagenic, carcinogenic, reproductive toxicity and other hazards. Long term exposure of adolescents and children may lead to endocrine disorders and harm the reproductive system. In recent years, phthalates have been detected as plasticizers in some rubbers. China's QB / T 2309-2020 eraser has added restrictions on six harmful phthalates such as di (2-ethyl) hexyl phthalate after revision, but the Japanese standard has not been updated.
Customs reminder: when purchasing rubber, you should pay attention to the product label, give priority to the rubber marked with "environmental protection" and "no plasticizer", and carefully buy the rubber with lovely shape and fragrance as the selling point. When using, parents should also pay attention to reminding children not to bite rubber sassafras and beware of eating by mistake.
The application of new materials and technologies not only makes the stationery products on the market more beautiful and exquisite, but also brings some new quality risks. For example, glue, from traditional liquid glue and solid glue to flash glue, spot glue, color changing glue and quick drying glue in the market, has rich and diverse properties and shapes, and more diversified product types.
Compared with the standard of stationery glue, the Japanese JIS 6023:1992 glue and the Chinese industry standard QB / T 1961-2011 office glue have only one limit on harmful substances, but the harmful substances in the adhesive of the Chinese stationery national standard GB 21027-2020 General requirements for the safety of student supplies specify free formaldehyde, benzene, toluene + xylene, total volatile substances and acrylamide, The limit of acrylamide in liquid adhesive has been added in GB 21027 standard of 2020 edition. Formaldehyde, benzene and acrylamide in glue will exist in the form of adhesives, preservatives, solvents and residual monomers, but these substances are volatile toxic substances, which will cause harm to human body if inhaled beyond a certain concentration.
Customs reminder: at present, most stationery glues on the market use water-based adhesives of environmental protection materials such as PVA / PVAL (polyvinyl alcohol or its modification), PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone). When choosing glue, consumers should pay attention to whether the main material components of glue are marked on the label, and try to choose environmentally friendly glue.
Let's take a look at the correction liquid that once made consumers very upset because it was found to contain benzene. The Japanese Standard JIS 6055:2013 "amendment liquid" and the Chinese industry standard QB / T 2655-2020 "amendment liquid" both stipulate the use restrictions of relevant organic solvents, but the types of restrictions are different. JIS 6055:2013 standard stipulates that the materials in the correction solution cannot contain organic solvents such as chlorobenzene, nitrobenzene, formamide, N, N-dimethylformamide, toluene, methanol and ethyl acetate. QB / T 2655-2020 correction solution stipulates the limits of organic solvents benzene, chlorinated hydrocarbon, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene in the correction solution. The toxic solvents limited in the two standards will damage the nervous or blood system, but the difference between the two limits reflects the difference in the understanding and control of risk factors in the quality and safety of correction solution in different countries.
It should be noted that QB / T 2655-2020 correction fluid standard stipulates that the safety of correction fluid pencil case shall comply with the provisions of GB 21027. If a pen cap with no vent and a size less than 16mm is accidentally swallowed by a child, it will get stuck in the esophagus, resulting in life hazards such as suffocation and choking. Previously, this project only focused on the caps of pens. In this revision, the upper cover of correction fluid will also be included in the control, so that China's standards have been further improved.
Customs reminder: when choosing to buy the correction liquid, do not buy the correction liquid with pungent smell, and try not to buy the correction liquid with small pen cap and no vent. Choose the correction liquid marked with environmental protection and in line with product standards.
Have you ever encountered the situation that the handwriting "disappeared" after a period of time? This is because the color components of some colored inks will react with light and become colorless after reaction.
We should pay attention to the selection and use of this kind of pen. How to choose a neutral pen that will not fade? Let's first understand the differences between domestic and foreign standards. In the national standard GB / T 37853-2019 neutral ink ball point pen and refill, the test method for the light resistance of neutral pen is to irradiate under the ultraviolet lamp for 72 hours, and the trace is required to remain visible. The Japanese JIS s6061:2010 and ISO 27668-1:2017 neutral ink ball point pens and refills are xenon lamp irradiation tests. When the reference blue wool standard sample of the test is exposed to the specified level, check whether the reading and writing lines are visible. In other countries and regions, there are few requirements on the light resistance of ink pens except that the United Kingdom, South Africa and other countries adopt ISO 27668-1 standard.
Customs reminder: if consumers write documents that need to be stored for a long time, they should pay attention to whether the products are marked with storage performance or meet the above standards. If it is impossible to distinguish, try to avoid choosing dye ink with bright color and a little transparency.
Among the domestic and foreign stationery standards, Japan has established a series of product standards earlier, which has played a vital role in standardizing the activities of the whole Japan and promoted the vigorous development of Japan's stationery industry. The ISO stationery standard issued by the international organization for standardization only involves the safety standards of pen products, pen caps and end caps. Europe and the United States and other countries rarely have specific stationery product standards, and student stationery products are carried out in accordance with the relevant requirements of toy standards. The United States mainly controls heavy metals, phthalates, mechanical and physical safety and other indicators in accordance with CPSC regulations. The EU carries out control under the framework requirements of toy directive, toy standards and reach regulations, and has strict restrictions on all kinds of harmful chemicals. With the improvement of China's stationery manufacturing level and the development of testing technology, China's stationery standards are gradually catching up with and surpassing Japan, Europe and the United States.
When purchasing all kinds of stationery products, the product quality of regular manufacturers and well-known brands is more guaranteed, and the compliance of standards is also higher. At the same time, Chinese consumers also need to understand that there are certain differences between domestic and foreign standards of stationery and choose stationery products from home and abroad rationally.
Source: 12360 customs Hotline